What Is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that is utilized to help with many mental-health and lifestyle issues. It works to solve current problems and change unhelpful thinking and unhealthy habits.
CBT acknowledges that there may be behaviours that cannot be controlled through rational thought but rather emerge based on prior conditioning from the environment and other external and/or internal stimuli. CBT is 'problem focused' (undertaken for specific problems) and 'action oriented' (therapist assists the client in selecting specific strategies to help address those problems), or directive in its therapeutic approach. It is different from the more traditional, psychoanalytical approach, where therapists look for the unconscious meaning behind the behaviours and then diagnose the patient. Instead, behaviourists believe that disorders such as anxiety and depression have to do with the relationship between a feared stimulus and an avoidance response, resulting in a conditioned fear.
CBT is effective for a variety of conditions, including chronic pain, depression, anxiety, personality, eating and addiction disorders, and various psychiatric disorders.